[转]python3写excel

陈文浩 17/11/06 23:23:54

说明

2007版以前的Excel(xls结尾的),需要使用xlrd读,xlwt写。
2007版以后的Excel(xlsx结尾的),需要使用openpyxl来读写。
pypi的地址:

https://pypi.python.org/pypi/xlwt
https://pypi.python.org/pypi/xlrd
https://pypi.python.org/pypi/openpyxl
openpyxl文档地址:

https://openpyxl.readthedocs.io/en/latest/changes.html
举个栗子

# 读写2003 excel
import xlrd
import xlwt
# 读写2007 excel
import openpyxl

#!/usr/bin/env python
# coding=utf-8
import xlrd
import xlwt
def write03Excel(path):
    wb = xlwt.Workbook()
    #类的实例化
    sheet = wb.add_sheet("2003测试表")
    #下角的名字
    value = [["名称", "价格", "出版社", "语言"],
             ["如何高效读懂一本书", "22.3", "机械工业出版社", "中文"],
             ["暗时间", "32.4", "人民邮电出版社", "中文"],
             ["拆掉思维里的墙", "26.7", "机械工业出版社", "中文"]]
    for i in range(0, 4):
        #索引是从0开始
        for j in range(0, len(value[i])):
            sheet.write(i, j, value[i][j])
    wb.save(path)
    print("写入数据成功!")

def read03Excel(path):
    workbook = xlrd.open_workbook(path)
    sheets = workbook.sheet_names()
    #返回一个列表
    worksheet = workbook.sheet_by_name(sheets[0])
    #也可以直接写名字
    for i in range(0, worksheet.nrows):
        row = worksheet.row(i)
        for j in range(0, worksheet.ncols):
            print(worksheet.cell_value(i, j), "\t",end = "")
            #保证每行完全在一行
        print()

file_2003 = '/home/cwh/Desktop/2003.xls'#绝对路径
f = open(file_2003,'w+')#创建文件
f.close()

write03Excel(file_2003)
read03Excel(file_2003)

def write07Excel(path):
    wb = openpyxl.Workbook()
    sheet = wb.active
    sheet.title = '2007测试表'

    value = [["名称", "价格", "出版社", "语言"],
             ["如何高效读懂一本书", "22.3", "机械工业出版社", "中文"],
             ["暗时间", "32.4", "人民邮电出版社", "中文"],
             ["拆掉思维里的墙", "26.7", "机械工业出版社", "中文"]]
    for i in range(0, 4):
        for j in range(0, len(value[i])):
            sheet.cell(row=i+1, column=j+1, value=str(value[i][j]))

    wb.save(path)
    print("写入数据成功!")


def read07Excel(path):
    wb = openpyxl.load_workbook(path)
    sheet = wb.get_sheet_by_name('2007测试表')

    for row in sheet.rows:
        for cell in row:
            print(cell.value, "\t", end="")
        print()


file_2007 = 'data/2007.xlsx'

write07Excel(file_2007)
read07Excel(file_2007)

原文地址:http://blog.csdn.net/jeikerxiao/article/details/73614335

作者:m0_37787222 发表于2017/11/6 23:23:54 原文链接
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