[转]简述epoll下电平触发LT和边沿触发ET的区别

楚东方 18/02/07 14:59:10

LT 电平触发 高电平触发

EPOLLIN 事件 数据可读
内核中的socket接收缓冲区 为空 低电平 不会触发
内核中的socket接收缓冲区 不为空 高电平 会触发

EPOLLOUT事件 数据可写
内核中的socket发送缓冲区不满 高电平
内核中的socket发送缓冲区 满 低电平

ET 边沿触发 转换的时候触发
由低电平 -> 高电平 才会 触发
高电平 -> 低电平 触发

下面代码是LT和ET模式的区别

#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/socket.h>
#include <netinet/in.h>
#include <arpa/inet.h>
#include <assert.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <sys/epoll.h>
#include <pthread.h>

#define MAX_EVENT_NUMBER 1024
#define BUFFER_SIZE 10

int setnonblocking( int fd )
{
    int old_option = fcntl( fd, F_GETFL );
    int new_option = old_option | O_NONBLOCK;
    fcntl( fd, F_SETFL, new_option );
    return old_option;
}

void addfd( int epollfd, int fd, bool enable_et )
{
    epoll_event event;
    event.data.fd = fd;
    event.events = EPOLLIN;
    if( enable_et )
    {
        event.events |= EPOLLET;
    }
    epoll_ctl( epollfd, EPOLL_CTL_ADD, fd, &event );
    setnonblocking( fd );
}

void lt( epoll_event* events, int number, int epollfd, int listenfd )
{
    char buf[ BUFFER_SIZE ];
    for ( int i = 0; i < number; i++ )
    {
        int sockfd = events[i].data.fd;
        if ( sockfd == listenfd )
        {
            struct sockaddr_in client_address;
            socklen_t client_addrlength = sizeof( client_address );
            int connfd = accept( listenfd, ( struct sockaddr* )&client_address, &client_addrlength );
            addfd( epollfd, connfd, false );
        }
        else if ( events[i].events & EPOLLIN )
        {
            printf( "event trigger once\n" );
            memset( buf, '\0', BUFFER_SIZE );
            int ret = recv( sockfd, buf, BUFFER_SIZE-1, 0 );
            if( ret <= 0 )
            {
                close( sockfd );
                continue;
            }
            printf( "get %d bytes of content: %s\n", ret, buf );
        }
        else
        {
            printf( "something else happened \n" );
        }
    }
}

void et( epoll_event* events, int number, int epollfd, int listenfd )
{
    char buf[ BUFFER_SIZE ];
    for ( int i = 0; i < number; i++ )
    {
        int sockfd = events[i].data.fd;
        if ( sockfd == listenfd )
        {
            struct sockaddr_in client_address;
            socklen_t client_addrlength = sizeof( client_address );
            int connfd = accept( listenfd, ( struct sockaddr* )&client_address, &client_addrlength );
            addfd( epollfd, connfd, true );
        }
        else if ( events[i].events & EPOLLIN )
        {
            printf( "event trigger once\n" );
            while( 1 )
            {
                memset( buf, '\0', BUFFER_SIZE );
                int ret = recv( sockfd, buf, BUFFER_SIZE-1, 0 );
                if( ret < 0 )
                {
                    if( ( errno == EAGAIN ) || ( errno == EWOULDBLOCK ) )
                    {
                        printf( "read later\n" );
                        break;
                    }
                    close( sockfd );
                    break;
                }
                else if( ret == 0 )
                {
                    close( sockfd );
                }
                else
                {
                    printf( "get %d bytes of content: %s\n", ret, buf );
                }
            }
        }
        else
        {
            printf( "something else happened \n" );
        }
    }
}

int main( int argc, char* argv[] )
{
    if( argc <= 2 )
    {
        printf( "usage: %s ip_address port_number\n", basename( argv[0] ) );
        return 1;
    }
    const char* ip = argv[1];
    int port = atoi( argv[2] );

    int ret = 0;
    struct sockaddr_in address;
    bzero( &address, sizeof( address ) );
    address.sin_family = AF_INET;
    inet_pton( AF_INET, ip, &address.sin_addr );
    address.sin_port = htons( port );

    int listenfd = socket( PF_INET, SOCK_STREAM, 0 );
    assert( listenfd >= 0 );

    ret = bind( listenfd, ( struct sockaddr* )&address, sizeof( address ) );
    assert( ret != -1 );

    ret = listen( listenfd, 5 );
    assert( ret != -1 );

    epoll_event events[ MAX_EVENT_NUMBER ];
    int epollfd = epoll_create( 5 );
    assert( epollfd != -1 );
    addfd( epollfd, listenfd, true );

    while( 1 )
    {
        int ret = epoll_wait( epollfd, events, MAX_EVENT_NUMBER, -1 );
        if ( ret < 0 )
        {
            printf( "epoll failure\n" );
            break;
        }

        lt( events, ret, epollfd, listenfd );
        //et( events, ret, epollfd, listenfd );
    }

    close( listenfd );
    return 0;
}
作者:chudongfang2015 发表于 2018/02/07 14:59:10 原文链接 http://blog.csdn.net/chudongfang2015/article/details/79280228
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